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Nest Boxes PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 15 May 2009 13:24

Nest Box Guide

Which bird box for which bird?

Gardens are a very important habitat with the total area of look there best online cialis all gardens exceeding that of all nature reserves, and as modern lifestyles destroy trees, hedges and old buildings, natural nesting sites are in decline. Nest boxes placed in gardens can make a real difference to the success or failure of a breeding species in a given area, especially when accompanied by the regular supply of suitable food and water.

Nest boxes do not require an absolutely standard design if you are making one, but they do require a nest site which is secure and weatherproof, and as safe as possible from predators. Different bird species favour different types and locations of nesting sites, and so boxes must be constructed accordingly to meet these different needs. Two basic designs however will accomodate most common garden birds; either a partly open-fronted box, or a box with a round hole at the front, with different diameters to accommodate different species.

Most nest boxes are simply designed and have a hole in the front. This should be a different size depending on the type of bird you're trying to attract. They can be made or bought.

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Here is a guide to the main types of nest boxes for UK and Ireland birds.

small hole nest box
Small Hole Nest Box

Small Hole Nest Boxes are used for Blue Tits, Coal Tits and Marsh Tits. The small hole is approximately 25mm in diameter.

Bird Species

  • Blue Tit
  • Coal Tit
  • Marsh Tit

large hole nest box
Larger Hole Nest Box

Larger Hole Nest Boxes are for Great Tits, Nuthatches, House Sparrows and viagra soft Tree Sparrows. The larger hole is approximately 32mm across.

Bird Speices

  • Great Tit
  • Nuthatch
  • House Sparrow
  • Tree Sparrow



open fronted nest box
Open-fronted Nest Box

Open-fronted Nest Boxes are for Robins, Wrens and Pied Wagtails. These species prefer open-fronted boxes but these can be vulnerable to levitra pill'>levitra pill attack by cats so make sure you put them in a safe location.

Bird Species

  • Robin
  • Wren
  • Pied Wagtail

kestrel nest box

Kestrel Box

A Kestrel Box is a good alternative to natural sites used by Kestrels. It is Positioned high up in a tree or building with open access, at least 5m (16ft) above the ground. When sited in the right location this box may also be used by Barn Owls.

Bird Species

  • Kestrel
  • Barn Owl


treecreeper nest box

Treecreeper Nest Box

A Treecreeper Nest Box is designed to replicate the natural nesting sites Treecreepers use behind loose bark. The nest boxes are a narrow with a tapered shape and a small hole at the top of one side.

Bird Species

  • Treecreeper

starling nest box

Starling Nest Box

Boxes for Starlings need to be long with a hole near the roof. Place them high on walls as starlings sometimes nest in roofs or in the walls of derelict buildings.

Bird Species

  • Starling

multi sparrow nest box

Sparrow Terrace Nest Box

Colonial nesting birds such as House Sparrows and Tree Sparrows nest close to each other in communal boxes called terraces. These nest boxes usually have three compartments with a hole just under the lid at each side and in the centre allowing three breeding pairs to nest side-by-side. Sparrows may also nest naturally in the roof of your house if access allows.


  • House Sparrow
  • Tree Sparrow

swallow nest box

Swallow Nest

A Swallow Nest is a half bowl shape, often made of woodcrete or terracotta with the nestcup being made to the actual dimensions of nests built by Swallows. The Swallow Nest should preferably be located inside an outbuilding with constant access for birds to the outside. They should not be located less than 1m apart even though Swallows are gregarious birds.

Since a dry spring can a disaster for these summer migrants, who need soft mud to make their nests, a Swallow Nest makes a good alternative. Swallows will readily adopt these boxes.

Swallow Dropping Boards are available to catch droppings before they become a problem.


  • Swallow



house martin nest box

House Martin Nest

A House Martin Nest is a half bowl shape with a roof and small hole. They are often made of woodcrete or terracotta with the nestcup being made to actual dimensions of nests built by House Martins. Some House Martin Nests are available as double terraces.

House Martin Dropping Boards are available to catch droppings and stop them being a problem.


  • House Martin


Owl Boxes

Owl boxes are larger than common bird boxes. They are shaped according to the needs of the species you're hoping to attract. Here's a few for different types of owl found in the UK and Ireland.

tawny owl nest box

Tawny Owl Nest Boxes

Tawny Owl Nest Boxes  are tube-like to mimic the hollow tree branches which make a natural nest site.

Tawny Owls sometimes nest in hollow tree branches, so it is cost cialis a good idea to leave these on your trees as natural nesting sites where it's not too dangerous to we recommend buy generic cialis do so.

Bird Species

  • Tawny Owl

little owl nest box

Little Owl Nest Boxes

Little Owl Nest Boxes are long with a hole at the top. They have a nesting chamber inside as little owls prefer smaller cavities. The design is similar to other larger bird species such as Woodpeckers, Stock Doves and Jackdaws.

Bird Species

  • Little Owl
  • Woodpecker
  • Stock Dove
  • Jackdaw

barn owl nest box

Barn Owl Nest Boxes

Barn Owl Nest Boxes are large and discount viagra online square, or sometimes triangular, with a ledge outside the entrance for young Barn Owls to stand on.

Bird Species

  • Barn Owl

Nest Box Cameras

nest box camera

Investing in a nest box camera makes it easy to view the natural life and behaviour of a bird and its chicks.

There are a range of generic form of cialis'>generic form of cialis differents nest box cameras on the market, they usually have a high-quality miniature video camera providing colour or balck and white images for video during daylight hours, and some have built-in infra-red night vision, which give black and white images at night.

Some have adjustable focus lens to give you sharp images 24 hours a day. They come with either cable or wi-fi options and can be conected to your TV or computer. Some nest box cameras have built-in microphones so you can hear as well as see what is going on inside the nest box.

view of nest box camera

Further Information on click now viagra overnight Nest Boxes

Positioning a Nest Box

If there is no natural shelter available, position the nest box facing between south-east and north, which avoids full direct sunlight and i use it cheapest viagra online the heaviest rain. If necessary, the nest box should be tilted slightly forwards so that the roof may deflect the rain from the entrance.

To protect the nest box from predators, place it in a thorny bush or place chicken-wire around the entrance, ensuring a direct flight-path to the entrance for the nesting birds. If squirrels or woodpeckers are a threat, fix a metal plate around the entrance hole, to stop it being enlarged.

Cleaning a Nest Box

Take down all nest boxes after each breeding season (October or November) and remove old nesting materials, and scald the nest box with boiling water to kill off parasites. Do not use insecticides or flea-powders.

Optimum Number of Nest Boxes in a Garden

The number of nest boxes is dependant on the species you want to attract. Territorial birds, such as Blue Tits, will not tolerate another pair in the vicinity and about 2 to 3 pairs per acre is the natural density for Blue Tits. Colonial nesters, such as House Sparrows, will happily nest side-by-side.

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